Silver Nitrate (Laboratory Use)
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Why should you Buy Silver Nitrate from ReAgent?
- We supply silver nitrate in 25g, 100g and 250g containers, with discounts available for bulk orders
- This product is sold as white crystals with >99.9% purity levels
- Full MSDS can be found on our website
- In addition, we also supply 0.1M, 0.01M and 0.02M silver nitrate solutions
What is Silver Nitrate?
With the molecular formula AgNO3, silver nitrate is an inorganic compound in the form of odourless white crystals. Historically, it was once called lunar caustic as ancient alchemists believed silver was related to the moon.
Typical Reactions Involving Silver Nitrate
A common reaction, known to many students around the world, involves suspending a copper rod in a silver nitrate solution. After a few hours, the solution is turned blue as the silver nitrate reacts with copper to generate silver metal crystals leaving copper nitrate (blue) in solution.
2 AgNO3 Cu → Cu(NO3)2 2 Ag
Another well-known reaction involves decomposition of silver nitrate at high temperatures. This reaction becomes particularly prevalent as the temperature approaches its melting point (250 degree Celsius) and will totally decompose at temperatures above 400 degree Celsius. Interestingly, this reaction produces elemental silver (Ag) instead of silver oxide, as it would be expected from the decomposition of metal nitrates.
2 AgNO3(l) → 2 Ag(s) O2(g) 2 NO2(g)
How is Silver Nitrate Made?
Silver nitrate is usually prepared by mixing silver and nitric acid. The reaction produces silver nitrate, water and nitrogen oxide, but the exact ratio varies with the reaction conditions and nitric acid concentration:
Diluted and cold HNO3 solutions: 3 Ag 4 HNO3 → 3 AgNO3 2 H2O NO Hot and concentrated HNO3 solutions: Ag 2 HNO3 → AgNO3 H2O NO2
More Than 40 Years’ Experience
ReAgent has been an established chemical manufacturer for over 30 years and during that period, we’ve built an enviable reputation for high-quality products and excellent customer service. If you need assistance, a member of staff will be glad to help before, during and after your order. Contact us for further information or free technical advice.
|Assay||> 99.8||% w/w|
|pH ( 10% Solution)||3.6-5.0|
|BulkCode||Hazard Statement Code||Description|
|1542||H314||Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.|
|1542||H290||May be corrosive to metals.|
|1542||H410||Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.|
|1542||H272||May intensify fire; oxidiser.|
|BulkCode||Precautionary Statement Code||Description|
|1542||P280||Wear protective gloves/ protective clothing/ eye protection/ face protection.|
|1542||P303+P361+P353||IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/ shower.|
|1542||P305+P351+P338||IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.|
|1542||P501||Dispose of contents/ container in accordance with local regulations.|
|1542||P273||Avoid release to the environment.|
|1542||P220||Keep away from combustible materials.|
|1.542||ADR/RID Shipping Name||SILVER NITRATE|
|1.542||ADR/RID Shipping Class||5.1|
|1.542||ADR/RID Packing Group||II|
The following files are available to download:
|Product ID||Product||post_status||Bulk||Download SDS File|